About Golden Retrievers

The Golden Retriever is originally from the Highlands of Scotland and was mainly developed as a hunting dog to retrieve game during hunting and shooting parties in the 1800s. Today, it is one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States and because of its intelligence and eagerness to please makes him an ideal search and rescue dog. Their temperament and instinctive love of water makes a great companion for play and children.

Golden Retriever Puppy

History of the Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever was bred in the highland estate of Sir Dudley Majoribanks also known as Baron Tweedmouth. During the 1800s, improvements in hunting guns resulted in the need for a specialist retriever that could hunt game in larger distances and difficult terrain. Setter and pointer breeds had been trained with no success and this led to the breeding of the dog to fulfill this need.

 

The breeding started with the first cross of Nous and Belle, a male yellow-colored Retriever and a female Tweed Water Spaniel. The Baron had purchased Nous in 1865 from a litter of black wavy-coated retriever pups. In a later publication of Majoribanks breeding records, it is said that these pups are the foundation of a breeding program that included the Irish Setter, the Bloodhound and the Water dog of Newfoundland. Because of Majoribanks’vision of perfection of the hunting dog, the bloodline was inbred and selected for strongest, most vigorous, gentle and trainable.

 

According to the American Kennel Club (AKC) the first Golden Retriever, a female named Lady was registered in 1894 by a relative of Majoribanks. The club recognized the breed in 1925 and in 1938 the Golden Retriever Club of America was formed.

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